Ground-based and in situ

Overview of available ground-based and in-situ data records. Only multi-station data records are included. Data from aircraft, field experiments or from dedicated satellite Cal/Val campaigns are not considered herein.  Detailed information on the individual data records can be obtained from the sources listed in the rightmost column, where DFS refers to a detailed data fact sheet produced by GVAP participants, LIT refers to scientific articles and WEB refers to a website providing further information. 
TechniqueDatasetParametersTemporal coverageSpatial coverageTemporal resolutionSpatial resolutionMore information
FPHNOAAWV1980-present3 stations2-weeklyWEB
FTIRMUSICA,
NDACC
WVvariable,
1989-present
11 stationsvariablevertically variable, ca. 3 layers up to 12 kmWEB
Schneider et al., 2012
Ground-based GNSSUCARTCWVvariable,
1995-2012
~1100 stations from IGS, SuomiNet, and GEONET 2-hourlytotal columnDFS, WEB
Wang et al., 2007
LidarNDACCWVvariable,
1999-2010
8 stationsvariable, on the order of minutesvertically variable, ca. 20 levels between ~1-20 kmWEB
Leblanc et al., 2012
LidarARMTCWV, WV, Tvariable,
2009-present
2 stationsvariable, on the order of minutesvertically variableWEB
MWRNDACCTCWV, WVvariable,
1992-present
6 stationsvariablevertically variableWEB
MWR*ARMTCWV, WV, Tvariable,
1994-present
3 stations~5 min47 vertical levels up to ca. 10 kmWEB_1, WEB_2
Caddedu et al., 2013
RadiosondeGRUANTCWV, WV, Tmostly since 2011variable, 22 stations, growingup to 4x dailyvertically variable,
ca. 5000 levels
WEB
Dirksen et al., 2014
RadiosondeIGRATCWV, WV, T1969-presentvariable,
~1100 stations
mostly twice dailyvertically variable,
ca. 10 levels
WEB
Durre et al., 2006
RadiosondeHomoRS92TCWV, WV, Tvariable,
1945-2010
variable, several hundred stationsvariable,
~1-2 per day
vertically variable,
ca. 10 levels
Dai et al., 2011
RadiosondeARSATCWV, WV, Tvariable,
01/1979-present
variable, several hundred stationsvariable,
~1-2 per day
43 vertical levels
(0.0026 hPa top)
WEB
SunphotometerAERONETTCWVvariable,
1993-present
several hundred stations worldwidevariable,
~15 min
total columnWEB
Holben et al., 2001