This page lists peer-reviewed publications established in the context of or related to G-VAP (in alphabetical order).

Beirle, S., J. Lampel, Y. Wang, K. Mies,M. Grossi, D. Loyola, A. Dehn, A. Danielczok, M. Schröder, and T. Wagner, 2017: The ESA GOME-Evolution „Climate“ water vapor product: A homogenized time-series of H2O columns from GOME/SCIAMACHY/GOME-2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. DOI: 10.5194/essd-2017-102.

Bodecker, G., and 37 co-authors, 2014: GRUAN-RP-4: Outcomes of the GRUAN Network Expansion Workshop. GRUAN Lead Centre, DWD; GRUAN-RP-4, revision 1.0, 03 November 2014. Available at

Calbet, X., 2015: Assessment of adequate quality and collocation of reference measurements with space borne hyperspectral infrared instruments to validate retrievals of temperature and water vapour, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 8, 5591-5614. DOI: 10.5194/amtd-8-5591-2015.

Calbet, X., N. Peinado-Galan, S. DeSouza-Machado, E. R. Kursinski, P. Oria, D. Ward, A. Otarola, P. Rípodas, and R. Kivi, 2018: Can turbulence within the field of view cause significant biases in radiative transfer modeling at the 183 GHz band?, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6409-6417. DOI: 10.5194/amt-11-6409-2018.

Calbet, X., N. Peinado-Galan, P. Rípodas,T. Trent, R. Dirksen, and M. Sommer, 2017: Consistency between GRUAN sondes, LBLRTM and IASI, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 2323-2335. DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-2323-2017.

Carbajal Henken, C. K., H. Diedrich, R. Preusker, and J. Fischer, 2015: MERIS full-resolution total column water vapor: Observing horizontal convective rolls, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 10074-10081, DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066650.

Courcoux, N. and M. Schröder, 2015: The CM SAF ATOVS data record: overview of methodology and evaluation of total column water and profiles of tropospheric humidity, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 397-414. DOI: 10.5194/essd-7-397-2015.

Crewell, S., K. Ebell, P. Konjari, M. Mech, T. Nomokonova, A. Radovan, D. Strack, A. M. Triana-Gómez, S. Noël, R. Scarlat, G. Spreen, M. Maturilli, A. Rinke, I.  Gorodetskaya, C. Viceto, T. August, and M. Schröder, 2021: A systematic assessment of water vapor products in the Arctic: from instantaneous measurements to monthly means, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 4829–4856. DOI: 10.5194/amt-14-4829-2021.

Diedrich, H., F. Wittchen, R. Preusker, and J. Fischer, 2016: Representativeness of total column water vapour retrievals from instruments on polar orbiting satellites. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 8331–8339. DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-8331-2016.

Ebell, K., E. Orlandi, A. Hünerbein, U. Löhnert, and S. Crewell, 2013: Combining ground-based with satellite-based measurements in the atmospheric state retrieval: Assessment of the information content, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 6940–6956. DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50548.

Kinzel, J., K. Fennig, M. Schröder, A. Andersson, K. Bumke, and R. Hollmann, 2016: Decomposition of Random Errors Inherent to HOAPS-3.2 Near-Surface Humidity Estimates Using Multiple Triple Collocation Analysis, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 33, 1455–1471. DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0122.1.

Loew, A., W. Bell, L. Brocca, C. Bulgin, J. Burdanowitz, X. Calbet, R. Donner, D. Ghent, A. Gruber, T. Kaminski, J. Kinzel, C. Klepp, J. C. Lambert, G. Schaepman-Strub, M. Schröder, and T. Verhoelst, 2017: Validation practices for satellite based earth observation data across communities. Reviews of Geophysics, 55 (3), 779-817. DOI: 10.1002/2017RG000562.

Mieruch, S., M. Schröder, S. Noel, and J. Schulz, 2014: Comparison of decadal global water vapor changes derived from independent satellite time series. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119. DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021588.

Reale, T., B. Sun, F. Tilley, and M. Pettey, 2012: The NOAA Products Validation System (NPROVS). J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 29. DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00072.1.

Roman, J. A., R. O. Knuteson, and S. A. Ackerman, 2014: Time-to-detect trends in precipitable water vapor with varying measurement error. J. Climate, 27, 8259–8275. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00736.1.

Schröder, M., M. Jonas, R. Lindau, J. Schulz, and K. Fennig, 2013: The CM SAF SSM/I-based total column water vapour climate data record: methods and evaluation against re-analyses and satellite. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 765–775. DOI: 10.5194/amt-6-765-2013.

Schröder, M., M. Lockhoff, F. Fell, J. Forsythe, T. Trent, R. Bennartz, E. Borbas, M. G. Bosilovich, E. Castelli, H. Hersbach, M. Kachi, S. Kobayashi, D. Loyola, C. Mears, R. Preusker, W. B. Rossow, S. Saha, 2017: The GEWEX Water Vapor Assessment archive of water vapour products from satellite observations and reanalyses. DOI: 10.5676/EUM_SAF_CM/GVAP/V001. [Link to the GVAP dataset]

Schröder, M., M. Lockhoff, F. Fell, J. Forsythe, T. Trent, R. Bennartz, E. Borbas, M. G. Bosilovich, E. Castelli, H. Hersbach, M. Kachi, S. Kobayashi, D. Loyola, C. Mears, R. Preusker, W. B. Rossow, S. Saha, 2018: The GEWEX Water Vapor Assessment archive of water vapour products from satellite observations and reanalyses. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1093-1117. DOI: 10.5194/essd-10-1093-2018. [Link to the publication on GVAP]

Schröder, M., M. Lockhoff, J. Forsythe, H. Cronk, T. H. Vonder Haar, R. Bennartz, 2016: The GEWEX water vapor assessment (G-VAP) – results from the trend and homogeneity analysis. J. Applied Meteor. Clim., 1633-1649, 55 (7). DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0304.1.

Schröder, M., M. Lockhoff, L. Shi, T. August, R. Bennartz, H. Brogniez, X. Calbet, F. Fell, J. Forsythe, A. Gambacorta, S.-P. Ho, E. R. Kursinski, A. Reale, T. Trent, and Q. Yang, 2019: The GEWEX water vapor assessment of global water vapour and temperature data records from satellites and reanalyses. Remote Sens., 11(3), 251. DOI: 10.3390/rs11030251.

Schröder, M., R. Roca, L. Picon, A. Kniffka, and H. Brogniez, 2014: Climatology of free tropospheric humidity: extension into the SEVIRI era, evaluation and exemplary analysis. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 11129-11148. DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-11129-2014.

Shi, L., C. J. Schreck III, and V. O. John, 2013: HIRS channel 12 brightness temperature dataset and its correlations with major climate indices, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6907-6920. DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-6907-2013.

Shi, L., C. J. Schreck III, and M. Schröder, 2018: Assessing the pattern differences between satellite-observed upper tropospheric humidity and total column water vapor during major El Niño events. Remote Sens., 10, 1188. DOI: 10.3390/rs10081188.

Steinke, S., S. Eikenberg, U. Löhnert, G. Dick, D. Klocke, P. Di Girolamo, and S. Crewell, 2015: Assessment of small-scale integrated water vapour variability during HOPE, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2675-2692. DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-2675-2015.

Sun, B., A. Reale, F. Tilley, M. Pettey, N. Nalli, and C. Barnet, 2016: Assessment of NUCAPS S-NPP CrIS/ATMS sounding products using reference and conventional radiosonde observations. NOAA STAR JPSS 2016 Annual Science Team Meeting, 8-12 August 2016, College Park, Maryland, USA. Available at:

Trent, T., M. Schröder, and J. Remedios, 2019: GEWEX water vapor assessment: Validation of AIRS tropospheric humidity profiles with characterized radiosonde soundings. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 886–906, 10.1029/2018JD028930.

Trent, T., R. Siddans, B. Kerridge, M. Schröder, N. A. Scott, and J. Remedios, 2023: Evaluation of tropospheric water vapour and temperature profiles retrieved from MetOp-A by the Infrared and Microwave Sounding scheme, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 16, 1503–1526, DOI: 10.5194/amt-16-1503-2023.